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Current Education System in India | Present System That should be Changed



Education in India is contributed by the public sector as well as the private sector, with control coming from central, state and local governments. As a fundamental right, free and compulsory education is provided to children between the ages of 6 and 14 under several articles of the Indian Constitution.

Indian Education has recently achieved the world recognition. Many students from foreign countries are looking the country for obtaining higher qualifications. Though ignorance is a problem in India, the country surprises outsiders with its huge provisions of talent.

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In the recent years, the Indian economy has grown by leaps and bounds, and hence there is a need to educate the cores to accelerate the growth process. It is impressive to note how the Indian education system works.

Structure of Education System in India

Structure of Education System in India

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Professional Councils in India

  • All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)
  • Indian Council for Agriculture Research (ICAR)
  • Distance Education Council (DEC)
  • National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
  • Bar Council of India (BCI)
  • Medical Council of India (MCI)
  • Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI)
  • Indian Nursing Council (INC)
  • Central Council of Homeopathy (CCH)
  • Pharmacy Council of India (PCI)
  • Central Council of Indian Medicine (CCIM)
  • Dentist Council of India (DCI)

Primary Education

For Lower and Middle Primary Standards (I to V) and Upper Primary Standards (VI to VIII), education is free and compulsory in India. Primary education begins at age 6 with Middle and Upper Primary school education ending at age 14.

Primary Education System in India

Primary Education System in India

Schooling is administered at state-run and private schools, but, private schools often have inadequate facilities and infrastructure than government schools. Most primary schools have its regional language as the first language and English as a second language.

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Secondary Education

Secondary education starts in grade 9 and lasts until grade 12. The secondary stage is broken into two; two-year cycles referred to as ‘Standard X,’ and Higher Secondary School which also referred as ‘Standard XII.’

Secondary Education System in India

Secondary Education System in India

Education remains to be free at government schools, although private education is more common at the secondary level.

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Higher Education

Higher Education starts after the grade 12, and it is popularly called the 10 2 in India. Students after the secondary education will choose their specific area of study such as Science, Commerce, Arts.

Higher Education System in India

Higher Education System in India


Currently, there are 15,167 schools affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education. CBSE is recognized by the Indian government and by all universities and colleges of India.

CBSE Education System in India

CBSE Education System in India

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All Kendriya Vidyalayas and Central schools are affiliated to CBSE.

Technical Education in India

AICTE approves the Regulation of technical education in India which came into force in 1987 through an act of the Parliament. The main institutes affording world class technical education in India are Indian Institutes of Technology, the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology.

Technical Education System in India

Technical Education System in India

Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology and the National Institutes of Technology and the Indian Institutes of Information Technology are also affording the world class technical education in India.

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India’s education system should be changed radically and immediately. The system should change the attitude towards the marks system, syllabus, and pedagogy. India will succeed only if it utilizes the vast human resources with effective learning system.

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A Mechanical Engineer by education but a content writer by passion. He has been in the field of Content Writing and Marketing for four years. He loves to write in a wide range of genres. Contact me at [email protected]

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