Indian Democracy: India is the largest democratic nation in the world. Democracy is described as the government for the people, by the people and of the people. Democracy is considered as one of the finest forms of government in which every person participates consciously and in which the people remain as the sovereign power who determine their destiny. So, in the democracy, the individuals are the ultimate source of potential and its success and failure depend on the wisdom, consciousness and vigilance.
It is not feasible for all the people in such a big country like India to take participation in the government. This is why they are asked to exercise their vote and elect their representatives at regular intervals. The elected representatives from the parliament legislate to form a responsible government.
Such a government can be either federal or unitary. In, India we have the federal form of governance, i.e. having both a government at the center which is responsible to the parliament and governments in each state elected and equally responsive to the legislative assemblies. But the individuals who vote in the election to select their representatives must be educated enough to select who will be the right people to represent them.
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India became free in the year 1947 after many years of colonial rule by the British. In the following years after Independence, India had its constitution that declared It as a democratic federal republic. The 1st democratic election which was held by universal adult franchise was in the year 1952. However, during the first election, the people of India did not really have the necessary knowledge to understand democracy. The people did not have enough knowledge to choose between good and bad. Many Individuals were victims of ignorance, age-old poverty, and superstitions. Many among the people did not even understand the variation between the British and the new rulers. However, the entire election was held through a democratic process.
Even today, after so many years, the Individuals in India are not much different, as many are still illiterates. A large number of people are still under the poverty level. In spite of various efforts taken by the government, the Indian democracy could not make the desired changes. They are still working hard to attain the goal of shelter for all, food for all, basic necessities for everyone and education for all.
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Conditions for a Successful Indian Democracy
Several conditions are needed for the success of Democracy in India. Those are:
- Empowerment of the illiterates and poor to enjoy and protect the democracy.
- Readiness among the elected candidates to honestly perform their duties and They should not take any advantage over the poverty and ignorance of the voters.
- The willingness among educated, intelligent, and efficient people to participate in the leadership role.
- The presence of powerful public opinion.
- Compliance among the elected candidates not to misuse their power and public wealth.
- Eradication of all the social evils and dangers due to which the democracy suffers.
- Feeling of compassion and communal peace among the people of India.
- Awareness among the Individuals of their fundamental rights that they are entitled to utilise.
- Conscious vigilance on the working of all the elected representatives.
- Right, unbiased, and efficient press to get public opinion.
- Sturdy, and efficient opposition.
Some believe that the democracy has been off in grave danger. It failed to accomplish a man’s expectation. Every form of the government, either democratic or dictatorship, has both positives and negatives. Indian democracy, without any doubt, is very efficient and proved to be successful. It has successfully guaranteed individual freedom. It is true that, in spite of various attempts, democracy has failed to fulfil individual’s expectations. It has been unable to entirely eradicate social-evils, poverty, injustices, and inequalities from the Indian society.
However, we should keep in our mind that there is no better form of government than the Democratic administration. It is, beyond any doubt, a better form of government than the dictatorship, aristocracy, and monarch. There is no alternative found for democracy. To create a better nation, the individuals from India along with the governments must come together to fight against the difficulties of human life.
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