Indian Independence Day is annually observed on 15 August as a national holiday. It is a day for the people in India to pay homage to their leaders and those who struggled for India’s freedom in the past. The UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly and now 71st Independence Day in India where people are commemorating the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947. On the same day, Jawaharlal Nehru had become the first Prime Minister of India and holds the Indian national flag over the Lahori Gate in Red Fort, Old Delhi. People in India celebrate it with lots of arrangements and courage. Independence corresponded with the partition of India, and it became a dominion within the Commonwealth. British led the friction between Hindus and Muslims to partition British India, creating East and West Pakistan.

India is a country of “Unity in Diversity” where people living from different religions but for the national occasion, they celebrate it together. The Indian national flag is a flat tricolor of saffron, white and green and wheel in the centre represents the chakra, which is on the abacus of Ashoka’s pillar.

Independence Day in India

Independence Day in India

Facts About Indian Independence Day

Some interesting and knowledgeable facts about Indian Independence Day to fulfill the people needs and enhance their general knowledge.

  • India got freedom from the British Government on 15 August 1947.
  • In 1947, India got freedom after lots of struggle in the midnight.
  • First Independence Day of India was celebrated by hoisting the tricoloured flag on 15 August 1947.
  • After some years, it was announced as the National and Gazetted holiday for schools and colleges. Also, some schools and colleges open for some hours only to celebrate the day with some academic and cultural works.
  • National Anthem will be sung after a flag hoisting ceremony.
  • Rani Laxmi Bai, a Queen of Jhansi, had fought like a tiger against the British rule and sacrificed her life for freedom.
  • Mahatma Gandhi is also called as father of the nation who led the country through his nonviolent movement named ‘Ahimsa’ to get freedom.
  • For the past 100000 years of history, India has never attacked any other country for the kingdom.
  • Earlier there was a valley called as “Indus” which became the first resident of India, and then it became the reason of origin of the name “India.”
  • Sardar Vallabhai Patel is the one who brought Princely states of India together, during the freedom struggle movement of the country.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak is the one who proclaimed as “Swaraj is my birthright, and I will have it!”.
Freedom Fighters of India

Freedom Fighters of India

  • Bhagat Singh was arrested and hung by the British government for the bomb blast during the meeting.
  • Dr. Annie Besant is a Britisher who also fought for Indian freedom and named the Home Rule league in India.
  • Ashfaqualla Khan was a great Indian freedom fighter who was given a death sentence by giving his first kiss to his nose before getting hanged.
  • The rebellion of 1857 was a most prominent freedom movement for India against Britishers.
  • Mahatma Gandhi started Dandi March in 1930 an Indian independence movement for making own salt against the British rule.
  • In 1942, Quit India Movement was started to widespread non-violent struggle all over the India for getting freedom.
  • August 15 is also celebrated as Independence Day in other countries like South Korea which got freedom from Japan in 1945, Congo from France in 1960 and Bahrain from the UK in 1971.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru is the first Prime Minister of India and hoisted the national flag on Red Fort in old Delhi.
  • At the time of independence of India that is in 1947, the gold price was 88.62 Rs/10 grams, but now, it is 28,795 Rs/10 grams.
  • In 1947, the Indian rupee was equal to Re 1 = $1 and currently 61.43/dollar.
  • The first cabinet of India had taken with a group of 13 ministers to the oath on 15 August 1947.

Indian Independence Day Quotes

There are some motivational and inspirational quotes quotes said by some famous freedom fighters and legends of India like Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, B. R. Ambedkar, Rajiv Gandhi, Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Bhagat Singh, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Rabindranath Tagore, as well as other countries Niccolo Machiavelli, Elmer Davis, Andrew Jackson, Evo Morales, Theodore Roosevelt, Alexander Henry, Joseph Pulitzer, Max Mueller, Albert Einstein, Abraham Lincoln, etc.

“India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries without ever having to send a single soldier across her border!” – Hu Shih

“If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should point to India.” – Max Mueller

“Long years ago, we made a tryst with destiny and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge… At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom.” – Jawaharlal Nehru

“Even if I died in the service of the nation, I would be proud of it. Every drop of my blood… will contribute to the growth of this nation and to make it strong and dynamic.” – Indira Gandhi

“At the dawn of history India started on her unending quest, and trackless centuries are filled with her striving and the grandeur of her success and her failures. Through good and ill fortune alike she has never lost sight of that quest or forgotten the ideals which gave her strength.” – Jawaharlal Nehru

“How can one be compelled to accept slavery? I simply refuse to do the master’s bidding. He may torture me, break my bones to atoms and even kill me. He will then have my dead body, not my obedience. Ultimately, therefore, it is I who am the victor and not he, for he has failed in getting me to do what he wanted done.” – Mahatma Gandhi

“Those who won our independence believed liberty to be the secret of happiness and courage to be the secret of liberty.” – Louis D. Brandeis

“Freedom has its life in the hearts, the actions, the spirit of men and so it must be daily earned and refreshed – else like a flower cut from its life-giving roots, it will wither and die.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower

“We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made!” – Albert Einstein

“India has two million gods, and worships them all. In religion all other countries are paupers; India is the only millionaire.” – Mark Twain

“Freedom has its life in the hearts, the actions, the spirit of men and so it must be daily earned and refreshed – else like a flower cut from its life-giving roots, it will wither and die.” – Dwight D. Eisenhower

“Thy spirit, Independence, let me share! Lord of the lion-heart and eagle-eye, Thy steps I follow with my bosom bare, Nor heed the storm that howls along the sky.” – Tobas George Smollet

“For some days, people thought that India was shaking. But there are always tremors when a great tree falls.” – Rajiv Gandhi

“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!” – Mark Twain

“If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began the dream of existence, it is India.” – Romain Rolland

“Ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country.” – John Fitzgerald Kennedy

“One individual may die for an idea; but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives. That is how the wheel of evolution moves on and the ideas and dreams of one nation are bequeathed to the next” – Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

“We end today a period of ill fortune and India discovers herself again. The achievement we celebrate today is but a step, an opening of opportunity, to the greater triumphs and achievements that await us. Are we brave enough and wise enough to grasp this opportunity and accept the challenge of the future?” – Jawaharlal Nehru

“Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal” – Abraham Lincoln

“He that would make his own liberty secure, must guard even his enemy from opposition; for if he violates this duty he establishes a precedent that will reach himself.” – Thomas Paine

“We on this continent should never forget that men first crossed the Atlantic not to find soil for their ploughs but to secure liberty for their souls.” – Robert J. McCracken

“This, then, is the state of the union: free and restless, growing and full of hope. So it was in the beginning. So it shall always be, while God is willing, and we are strong enough to keep the faith.” – Lyndon B. Johnson

“Mother, I bow to thee! Rich with thy hurrying streams, Bright with orchard gleams, Cool with thy winds of delight, Green fields waving, Mother of might, Mother free. Glory of moonlight dreams, Over thy branches and lordly streams, Clad in thy blossoming trees, Mother, giver of ease, Laughing low and sweet! Mother I kiss thy feet, Speaker sweet and low! Mother, to thee I bow.” – Bankim Chandra Chaterjee

“I believe that the civilization India evolved is not to be beaten in the world. Nothing can equal the seeds sown by our ancestors, Rome went, Greece shared the same fate; the might of the Pharaohs was broken; Japan has become Westernized; of China nothing can be said; but India is still, somehow or other, sound at the foundation.” – Mahatma Gandhi

“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.” – Jawaharlal Nehru

“Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it” – Bal Gangadhar Tilak

“Delhi Chalo” and “Tum Mujhe Khoon Do main Tumhe Ajadi Doonga”. – Subhas Chandra Bose

“Our nation is like a tree of which the original trunk is swarajya and the branches are swadeshi and boycott.” – Subhas Chandra Bose

“Whatever difficulties we may face, we must never give up the quest for truth, which alone is God himself.” – Bal Gangadhar Tilak

“Apparently, I’ve acted like a terrorist. But I’m not a terrorist.” – Mahatma Gandhi

“The essential thing in religion is making the heart pure. The kingdom of heaven is within us but only pure heart can see the ‘king’!” – Bhagat Singh

“We are Indians, firstly and lastly.” – B.R. Ambedkar

“Citizenship consists in the service of the country.” – Jawaharlal Nehru

“Let new India arise out of peasants’ cottage, grasping the plough, out of huts, cobbler and sweeper.” – Swami Vivekananda

“I feel that the constitution is workable, it is flexible and it is strong enough to hold the country together both in peacetime and in wartime. Indeed, if I may say so, if things go wrong under the new Constitution, the reason will not be that we had a bad Constitution. What we will have to say is that Man was vile.” – B.R. Ambedkar

“You must be the change you want to see in the World” – Mahatma Gandhi

“Constitution is not a mere lawyers document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age.” – B. R. Ambedkar

“Freedom is never dear at any price. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living?” – Mahatma Gandhi

“Freedom is not worth having if it does not connote freedom to err.” Mahatma Gandhi

“Violent means will give violent freedom. That would be a menace to the world and to India herself.” Mahatma Gandhi

“Freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.

“The best road to progress is freedom’s road.” – John F. Kennedy

“A hero is someone who understands the responsibility that comes with his freedom.” – Bob Dylan

“The greatest gifts you can give your children are the roots of responsibility and the wings of independence.” – Denis Waitley

“Nothing is more precious than independence and liberty.” – Ho Chi Minh

“We must have constantly present in our minds the difference between independence and liberty. Liberty is a right of doing whatever the laws permit, and if a citizen could do what they forbid he would no longer be possessed of liberty.” – Charles de Montesquieu

“Injustice in the end produces independence.” – Voltaire

“Originality is independence, not rebellion; it is sincerity, not antagonism.” – George Henry Lewe

Images of Indian Independence Day

Patriots fought for Freedom

Patriots fought for Freedom

Children With Indian Flags Celebrating Independence Day

Children With Indian Flags Celebrating Independence Day

Indian Independence Day

Indian Independence Day

Independence Day Celebration

Indian Independence Day Celebration

The Independence Day reminds us of those patriots who fought and suffered to win freedom for us. Click here for More facts