Potoo is a bird that belongs to the group of near passerine birds that related to the nightjars and frogmouths. These birds come under the family Nyctibiidae under the order of Caprimulgiformes. Common Potoo has been classified under the genus Nyctibius, and it has seven different species from this genus. These species are widely spread in the Neotropical region, from the range of Mexico to Argentina which holds five species. It is also found in three Caribbean islands named Jamaica, Hispaniola, and Tobago. Basically Urutau birds are sedentary but at times it tramps the location. All the species of Nyctibius mostly live in humid forests, but some of them also live in drier forests. The size of this bird is around 21–58 cm in length and the weight will be about 46 to 624 grams. While comparing with the head of Potoo the size of the body, wings, and tail are proportionally small. During day time you can see these birds on the top of the tree stumps. As they are nocturnal Common Potoo do not fly in the day time.
Scientific name: Nyctibius
Higher classification: Nyctibiidae
Family: Nyctibiidae; Chenu & des Murs, 1851
Size: 21–58 cm
Weight: 46 to 624 gram
All the Potoo birds belong to the same genus Nyctibiu. It has seven different species that are found in the humid & dried forests of the Neotropical region. Here is the list of the species of Potoo.
Genus Nyctibius Vieillot 1816
Rufous potoo, Nyctibius bracteatus Gould 1846
Great potoo, Nyctibius grandis (Gmelin 1789)
Long-tailed potoo, Nyctibius aethereus (zu Wied-Neuwied 1820)
White-winged potoo, Nyctibius leucopterus (zu Wied-Neuwied 1821)
Andean potoo, Nyctibius maculosus Ridgway 1912
Common potoo or lesser potoo, Nyctibius griseus (Gmelin 1789)
Northern potoo, Nyctibius jamaicensis (Gmelin 1789)
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