Poinsettia is a bold and beautiful plant. Euphorbia pulcherrima is the scientific name of this species. It is also known as the Christmas Flower. Poinsettia is one of the commercially most important plant species of the spurge family Euphorbiaceae under the order Malpighiales. The name Poinsettia was named after Joel Roberts Poinsett, who was the first United States Minister to Mexico and he is the person who introduced this plant to the US in 1825. This plant is well-known for its cherishing red and green foliage and these plants are widely used for Christmas floral displays. These plants usually grow as shrubs or small trees up to a height of 0.6–4 meters. The dark green dentate leaves of this plant grow up to 7–16cm long. The colored bracts of this species are often flaming red in color but some times it can be in orange, pale green, cream, pink, white, or marbled. Most people think this is a petal of the flower but actually they are leaves. The plant contains small flowers of green and yellow at the center. You can find these species in the area of Central America from Mexico to southern Guatemala and it occupied nearly 2,000 km long at the mid-elevation dry forests.
Scientific name: Euphorbia pulcherrima
Higher classification: Poinsettia
Species: E. pulcherrima
Species of Poinsettia
Euphorbia subg. Poinsettia (Poinsettia) is derived from the genus Euphorbia and it has around 24 species. These species were found in the mountains of the Mexican Pacific slope. Here we listed some sub-species of Poinsettia.
- E. pulcherrima — (poinsettia)
- E. cyathophora — (summer poinsettia, wild poinsettia, painted leaf poinsettia)
- E. dentata — (green poinsettia)
- E. heterophylla — (desert poinsettia, wild poinsettia)
- E. pinetorum — (Everglades poinsettia)
Cost of Poinsettia
The cost of this plant is around $33.88. These plats were sold as a potted plant throughout North America. People mainly grow this for Christmas occasion. You can also buy this plant online from Amazon, satellitegardens.ca, and more.
Interesting Facts about Poinsettia
- The color of Poinsettia bracts is created by photoperiodism, means they need darkness to change its color (darkness should be at least five days in a row). Then to bright the leaf color, it needs abundant light during the day.
- Many people have a question that how long we keep the Poinsettia alive. You can keep this plant often for months with proper care.
- The flowers of these plants are unassuming because it does not attract the pollinators. You can see the small yellow flowers at the centre of each leaf bunch called cyathia.
- In olden days, a rumour has spread that these Poinsettia are poisonous to humans and other animals. Later, researches have tested with animals and humans and proved these plants are not dangerous for both humans and animals.
- Some have doubts about the repotting of Poinsettia. If repotting is necessary, you can do it for your plant but it has to be done before the photoperiodism.
- The reason for using Poinsettia during Christmas. In the initial days, the bright colored flowers are called the ‘Flores de Noche Buena’, or ‘Flowers of the Holy Night’. Then the shape of flowers and leaves resembles the symbol of the Star of Bethlehem. At last, the red-color of this plant indicates the blood of Christ.
- The entire life span of this plant is one or two years.
- When we speak about reproduction, we do not have any documents regarding the pollination of wild poinsettias. But sometimes wasps visit the flower (cyathia, it will be helpful for its pollination.
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