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List of Greatest Freedom Fighters in India to be Followed

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Freedom Fighters in India

India got its Independence on 15th August 1947. It is not a single day effort. Many great leaders fought for our freedom! Many lost their lives to get freedom for us! Many left their home with the only ambition of getting freedom for the country! Without those great leaders, Our Independence would have been a dream. British started to conquer India in 1600 through British East India Company. Their full dominance began in the year 1858. Indians started fighting for the Independence since British started ruling India. Here is a list of Freedom Fighters in India who lend their support for the freedom of our country.

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Mahatma Gandhi

Real Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Parents: Karamchand Gandhi (father) & Putlibai Gandhi (mother)
Date of Birth: 2 October 1869
Place of Birth: Porbandar, Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, Bombay Presidency, British India. (present-day Gujarat, India)
Profession: Lawyer, Politician, Activist, and Writer
Achievements: Father of the Nation (1947)
Spouse: Kasturba Gandhi
Children: Harilal Gandhi, Manilal Gandhi, Ramdas Gandhi and Devdas Gandhi
Date of Death: 30 January 1948
Place of Death: New Delhi, Delhi, Dominion of India

Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an eminent freedom activist who was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule. Gandhi married Kasturba Makhanji at the age of 13. She bore him four sons. Indians widely describe him as the father of the nation. On 6 July 1944, Subhash Chandra Bose addressed Gandhi as “The Father of the Nation” in the Singapore radio.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Real Name: Keshav Gangadhar Tilak
Parents: Shri Gangadhar Tilak (father) & Paravti Bai Gangadhar (mother)
Date of Birth: 23 July 1856
Place of Birth: Ratnagiri, Bombay State, British India. (present-day Maharashtra, India)
Profession: Author, politician, freedom fighter, Social reformer
Achievements: “The father of the Indian unrest” and “Lokmanya”
Spouse: Satyabhamabai Tilak
Children: Ramabai Vaidya, Parvatibai Kelkar, Vishwanath Balwant Tilak, Rambhau Balwant Tilak, Shridhar Balwant Tilak, and Ramabai Sane.
Date of Death: 1 August 1920
Place of Death: Bombay, British India. (present-day Maharashtra, India)

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Bal Gangadhar Tilak | Freedom Fighters in India

Bal Gangadhar Tilak was an Indian nationalist, teacher, social reformer, lawyer and an independence activist. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and probably the strongest advocates of Swaraj or Self Rule for India. The British colonial authorities termed him as the “The father of the Indian unrest.” He was also conferred with the title of “Lokmanya”, means “accepted by the people (as their leader)”.

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Bhagat Singh

Real Name: Bhagat Singh
Parents: Kishan Singh (father) & Vidyavati Kaur (mother)
Date of Birth: 27 September 1907
Place of Birth: Banga, Punjab, British India. (present-day Punjab, Pakistan)
Organizations: Naujawan Bharat Sabha, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, Kirti Kisan Party
Political Ideology: Socialism; Nationalism; Anarchism; Communism
Spouse: Not Known
Children: Not Known
Date of Death: 23 March 1931
Place of Death: Lahore, Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, Pakistan)

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Bhagat Singh is one of the most influential revolutionaries of Indian Nationalist Movement. He became involved with several revolutionary organizations and played an important role in the Indian independence movement. Following his execution, on March 23, 1931, the supporters and followers of Bhagat Singh regarded him as a “Shaheed” (martyr).

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Real Name: Rajendra Prasad
Parents: Mahadev Sahai (father) & Kamleshwari Devi (mother)
Date of Birth: 3 December 1884
Place of Birth: Jiradei, Bengal Presidency, British India. (now in Bihar, India)
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Freedom Movement
Political Ideology: Liberalism; Right-winged
Spouse: Rajvanshi Devi
Children: Mrityunjay Prasad
Date of Death: 28 February 1963
Place of Death: Patna, Bihar, India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Dr. Rajendra Prasad | Freedom Fighters in India

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of independent India. He was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian Nationalist Movement alongside Jawaharlal Nehru, Vallabhbhai Patel and Lal Bahadur Shastri. He joined the Indian National Congress during the Indian Independence Movement and became a major leader from the region of Bihar.

Subhash Chandra Bose

Real Name: Subhas Chandra Bose
Parents: Janakinath Bose (father) & Prabhavati Devi (mother)
Date of Birth: 23 January 1897
Place of Birth: Cuttack, Orissa Division, Bengal Presidency, British India
Association: Indian National Congress; Forward Bloc; Indian National Army
Movement: Indian Freedom Movement
Political Ideology: Nationalism; Communism; Fascism-inclined;
Spouse: Emilie Schenkl
Children: Anita Bose Pfaff
Date of Death: 18 August 1945
Place of Death: Taihoku, Japanese Taiwan

Subhash Chandra Bose

Subhash Chandra Bose | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most celebrated freedom fighters of India. He had been a leader of the younger, radical, and earned the epithet ‘Netaji’ by establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) during India’s struggle for independence. During his stay in Berlin, he met Emily Schenkl and fell in love. She was of Austrian origin. Both were married in 1937 in a secret Hindu ceremony and Emily gave birth to a daughter Anita in 1942. In the year 1943, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose left Germany to come back to India.

Sarojini Naidu

Real Name: Sarojini Naidu Chattopadhyay)
Parents: Aghorenath Chattopadhyay (father) & Barada Sundari Devi Chattopadhyay (mother)
Date of Birth: 13 February 1879
Place of Birth: Nadiad, Bombay Presidency (present-day Gujarat)
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Nationalist Movement, Indian Independence Movement
Political Ideology: Right-winged; Non-violence.
Spouse: Govindarajulu Naidu
Children: Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer, and Leilamani.
Date of Death: 2 March 1949
Place of Death: Lucknow, United Provinces, India

Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu | Freedom Fighters in India

Sarojini Naidu was an Indian independence activist, freedom fighter, poet and politician. She took part in the Indian National Movement and became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi and fought for the attainment of Swaraj. She became the President of Indian National Congress and later she was appointed the Governor of the United Provinces, now Uttar Pradesh. She is often known by the term ‘The Nightingale of India’. She married Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu and settled down in Hyderabad.

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Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Real Name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
Parents: Jhaverbhai Patel (father) & Ladbai  (mother)
Date of Birth: 31 October 1875
Place of Birth: Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India (now in Telangana, India)
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Independence Struggle
Political Ideology: Moderate, Right-wing
Spouse: Jhaverba
Children: Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel
Date of Death: 15 December 1950
Place of Death: Bombay, Bombay State, India (now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is a revered name in Indian politics. He was the first Deputy Prime Minister of India. He played an important role during the Indian Independence Movement. He was often addressed as Sardar, means Chief in Hindi, Urdu, and Persian.

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Real Name: Lal Bahadur Shastri
Parents: Sharada Prasad Shrivastava (Father) & Ramdulari Devi (Mother)
Date of Birth: 2 October 1904
Place of Birth: Mughalsarai, United Provinces of Agra and Oudh, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India)
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Independence Movement
Political Ideology: Nationalist; Liberal; Right-wing
Spouse: Lalita Devi
Children: Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok
Date of Death: 11 January 1966
Place of Death: Vijay Ghat, New Delhi

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri | Freedom Fighters in India

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress political party. He took oath as Prime Minister after the sudden demise of Jawaharlal Nehru. In the year 1920, he joined the Indian independence movement with his friend Nithin Eslavath.

Indira Gandhi

Real Name: Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi
Parents: Jawaharlal Nehru (father) & Kamala Nehru (mother)
Date of Birth: 19 November 1917
Place of Birth: Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Independence Movement
Political Ideology: Right winged, Liberal
Spouse: Feroze Gandhi
Children: Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi
Date of Death: 31 October 1984
Place of Death: New Delhi, Delhi, India

Indira Gandhi

Indira Gandhi | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician and the only female Prime Minister of the country. Born in the famous Nehru family, she was perhaps destined for an illustrious political career. She is the central figure of the Indian National Congress. She was exposed to politics from a young age.

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Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Real Name: Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Parents: Krishna Rao Gokhale (father) & Valubai (mother)
Date of Birth: 9 May 1866
Place of Birth: Kothluk, Ratnagiri, Bombay Presidency (now Maharashtra)
Association: Indian National Congress; Servants of India Society
Movement: Indian Freedom struggle
Political Ideology: Liberalism; Socialism; Moderate; Right-winged
Spouse: Savitribai (1870-1877) & Second wife (1877-1900)
Children: Kashibai and Godubai
Date of Death: 19 February 1915
Place of Death: Bombay, Bombay Presidency, British India

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Gopal Krishna Gokhale | Freedom Fighters in India

Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the political leaders and senior leader of the Indian National Congress. He was one of the forerunners of the Indian Independence Movement against the British Empire in India. He was the founder of the Servants of India Society. He mostly campaigned for self-rule and also stressed the need for social reform.

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Real Name: Chandra Shekhar Tiwari
Parents: Pandit Sita Ram Tiwari (father) & Jagrani Devi (mother)
Date of Birth: 23 July 1906
Place of Birth: Bhavra village, Jhabua district, Madhya Pradesh
Association: Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) later renamed Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA)
Movement: Indian Freedom Struggle
Political Ideology: Liberalism; Socialism; Anarchism
Date of Death: 27 February 1931
Place of Death: Allahabad, United Provinces, British India

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad | Indian Freedom Fighters Images

Chandra Shekhar Azad popularly known as Azad was the daring freedom fighter and a fearless revolutionary. He had worked on transforming HRA to HSRA (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association) along with Sardar Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev. He was also a close associate of Shri Bhagwati Charan Vohra as well.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Real Name: Lala Lajpat Rai
Parents: Munshi Radha Krishna Azad (Father) &Gulab Devi (Mother)
Date of Birth: 28 January 1865
Place of Birth: Dhudike, Punjab, British India
Association: Indian National Congress, Arya Samaj
Movement: Indian Independence Movement
Political Ideology: Nationalism, Liberalism
Spouse: Radha Devi
Children: Amrit Rai, PyareLal, Parvati
Date of Death: 17 November 1928
Place of Death: Lahore, Punjab, British India

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai | Freedom Fighters in India

Lala Lajpat Rai was an important nationalist leader who played a prominent role in India’s struggle for freedom. He was a member of the famous ‘Lal Bal Pal’ firebrand trio during the independence movement. He was popularly known as Punjab Kesari.

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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Real Name: Maulana Sayyid Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin Ahmed bin Khairuddin AlHussaini Azad
Parents: Muhammad Khairuddin (Father) & Alia Muhammad Khairuddin (Mother)
Date of Birth: 11 November 1888
Place of Birth: Makkah, Hejaz Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (Saudi Arabia)
Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Nationalist Movement
Political Ideology: Liberalism; right-winged; Egalitarian
Spouse: Zulaikha Begum
Children: None
Date of Death: 22 February 1958
Place of Death: Delhi, India

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad | Freedom Fighters in India

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was one of the most influential independence and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. He was also a renowned writer, poet and journalist. He was elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940.

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