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Hantavirus: All You Need To Know About HPS | Symptoms & Preventions

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Hantavirus

Already, the deadly coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak takes the world by storm. Now, there is a new case from China that man has tested positive for hantavirus.

According to China’s Global Times, the man from Yunnan Province died while on his way back to Shandong Province for work on a bus on Monday. The 32 other people on the bus were also tested for the new hantavirus.

About Hantavirus

Hantavirus is a rare but deadly viral infection. It belongs to the bunyavirus family of viruses. As per the report of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), hantaviruses are a family of viruses which are spread mainly by rodents and can cause varied diseases in people.

Hantavirus
Hantavirus

It can cause severe hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) and haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS).

The disease is not airborne, humans will be infected with hantaviruses when they contact only with rodent urine, saliva, or feces. There is also less chance to get hantavirus by a bite from an infected host.

HPS was earlier affected in May 1993 in the southwestern United States, in an area shared by Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah known as “The Four Corners”, as per CDC.

Symptoms of Hantavirus

Symptoms of Hantavirus or HPS (Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome) include

  • Fatigue, Fever, and Muscle aches
  • Headaches, Dizziness, chills and abdominal problems
  • There may also be nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.

According to CDC, the infection should treated as soon as possible. It not, it can lead to coughing and shortness of breath.

Hantavirus can be fatal and has a mortality rate of 38 percent.

HFRS

HFRS (Hantavirus hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) too remain the same, it also cause low blood pressure, acute shock, vascular leakage, and acute kidney failure.

As per the CDC, rodent population control is the main strategy for preventing hantavirus infections.

Treating HPS

As per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection.

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