Dragon Blood Tree is one of the iconic trees which has a large history for commercial use. The scientific name of this species is Dracaena cinnabari. It is also called a Socotra dragon tree. These plants come under the family Asparagaceae under the order Asparagales. It is endemic for the Socotra archipelago island which is a part of Yemen located near the Arabian Sea. It is also commonly known as the Socotra dragon tree or dragon blood tree because of the red saps produced by the tree. Unlike other normal trees, it has a strange and unique appearance because it looks like an open umbrella with a densely packed crown. The plants that come under the Dracaena cinnabari species are evergreen species. These plants are not like other monocot plants, as it shows its secondary level growth and the tree rings of this species resemble the growth zone. When comparing with other absorbents of Dracaena species it has a unique growth and its habitats called “dracoid habitus”. The leaves of these plants are only found at the end of the young branch and all these leaves will get matured simultaneously and shed every 3 or 4 years before the growth of new leaves.
Scientific name: Dracaena cinnabari
Conservation status: Vulnerable Encyclopedia of Life
Higher classification: Dracaena
Species: D. cinnabari
Height: 10 meters.
Dracaena Cinnabari belongs to the genus Dracaena. It has around 110 species all over the world but in these species, only six grow as a tree. Here we have listed the species that come under the genus Dracaena.
Formerly regarded as Dracaena
Scientists thought that these Dracaena Cinnabari plants were derived from the Tethyan flora of Socotra. Due to the desertification of North Africa, these trees are almost extinct and it is considered as a remnant of the Mio-Pliocene Laurasian subtropical forests.
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