Crested Ibis bird is also called as Japanese crested ibis or Toki. The scientific name of this bird was Nipponia Nippon. These species comes under the order of Pelecaniformes from the Threskiornithidae family. It is one of the rarest species of all ibises which is in the edge of extinction. These birds live in the areas like salt marshes, swamps, near lakes and rivers, tropical mangroves, forests and marshy mountain meadows. These birds grow up to 56 cm long and 0.6 to 0.4 pounds of weight. Crested Ibis (Nipponia Nippon) looks like white-plumaged ibis that lives in the pine forests. The head of this bird is partially covered with red coloured skin and it has a dense white crest on the nape. Moreover, it is the only species which comes under the genus Nipponia. In initial days, these birds were widely spread over Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan and Russia. According to recent reports, the population of Nipponia Nippon birds were gone down and it comes under the category of an endangered bird.
Scientific name: Nipponia nippon
Higher classification: Nipponia
Length: 56 cm long
Mass: 0.6 to 0.4 pounds
There are totally 28 extant species and 6 extinct species of ibis found around the world. Most of the species live in the southern hemisphere.
Related Grouse Bird
Reason for Crested Ibis Extinction
Crested Ibis has a deep relationship with Japanese history and culture. In olden days, Japanese called this bird as peach-flower bird and used for various purposes. But now these birds are trying hard to survive with water pollution, pesticides, uncontrolled hunt and habitat destruction. In the list of endangered and critically endangered species, Crested Ibis and Northern bald ibis were present.
Cost of Crested Ibis
As it is a rare species, the cost of this bird has not mentioned yet now.
Interesting Facts about Crested Ibis
- Japanese Crested Ibis is smallest among the ibises. The face of this bird is featherless while the eyes ringed with yellow. The small legs with the web are red to brown in colour. The neck is quite short and it gets covered with a mane of narrow feathers.
- The head and upper body of the Crested Ibis turn grey during the breeding season.
- Japan’s last Crested Ibis died in 2003, the remaining population of this birds are found in Shaanxi province of China. To conserve the species, Japan and China have started the extensive captive breeding programs. Government of China has announced it in the State Protection List in China. But still, the accurate count of Crested Ibis is not yet announced.
- Can an ibis fly? is one of the most frequently asked questions. Yes, these birds can travel in a large group at low altitudes.
- For their survival, these birds build their nest on tops of trees and hills usually.
- Crested Ibis lays approximately 1 to 5 eggs average of 3 eggs. The eggs of this bird will be in blue-grey with brown spots. Both male and female incubate the eggs for 26 to 30 days. After hatching, the young birds will live in the nest for 28 to 56 days.
- The estimated life span of this bird is 16 years but in recent times the survival rate has gone down due to the attack of predators and humans. The captive Japanese crested ibis has lived for nearly 26 years.
- The natural predators of wild Crested Ibis are foxes, cats, snakes and large birds.
Crested Ibis Images
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