Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is one of the major political party in India. From 2016, it became the country’s largest political party regarding representation in the national parliament and state assemblies. The BJP is the world’s largest political party with the primary membership, having 100 million registered members as of April 2015. The party follows the close ideological and organisational close connections with other organisations, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and the Vishwa Hindu Parishad. Check out below for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Wiki, History, Presidents, Leaders, Chief Ministers and Other details.
In 1951, Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee. After the state of emergency in 1977, the Bharatiya Jana Sangh combined with several other parties to form the Janata Party. In the same year, the party defeats the incumbent Congress party for the first time in the general election. In 1980, the Janata Party destroyed with the members of the former Jana Sangh reconvening to form the BJP.
In 1996, Bharatiya Janata Party became the largest party in the parliament after winning in several elections and better performances in the national elections. But, the party required a majority in the lower house of Parliament, and its government lasted only 13 days.
The BJP-led alliance known as the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) after the 1998 general election. In the same year, the government formed under the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Following the elections, the first non-Congress government have happened after the NDA government again headed by Atal Bihari Vajpayee who lasted for a full term in office.
In 2004, the Bharatiya Janata Party faced an unexpected defeat in the general election. The Bharatiya Janata Party was the principal opposition for the next ten years. In 2014 general election, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi led the party to a landslide victory. Since that election, Narendra Modi has led the NDA government as Prime Minister, and as of July 2017, the party governs 18 states.
In 1965, Deendayal Upadhyaya had formulated the official ideology of the BJP as “integral humanism”. The Bharatiya Janata Party represents a responsibility to Hindutva, and its policy has historically indicated Hindu nationalist positions.
The BJP supports social conservatism and a foreign policy focused on nationalist principles. Implementation of a uniform civil code and the building of a Ram temple in Ayodhya are the key issues of the party which also abolishes the special status given to Jammu and Kashmir. However, the 1998–2004 NDA government did not attempt any of these controversial issues. The party alternatively focused on a largely neoliberal economic policy prioritising globalisation and economic growth over social welfare. These are the major part of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Wiki.
History of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
In 1951, Bharatiya Jana Sangh was founded by Syama Prasad Mookerjee. It was established in collaboration with the Hindu nationalist volunteer organisation named the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), it was widely regarded as the political arm of the RSS. The Jana Sangh’s intentions included the protection of India’s “Hindu” cultural identity, in addition to countering what it looked to be the satisfaction of Muslim people.
The RSS lent several of its leading pracharaks to the Jana Sangh to get the new party off the ground. Deendayal Upadhyaya, who was appointed General Secretary was prominent for all these activities. In 1952, the Jana Sangh won only three Lok Sabha seats in the first general elections and maintained a minor presence in parliament until 1967.
The first major campaign of Jana Sangh started in early 1953 which was centred on demand for the complete unification of Jammu and Kashmir into India. In May 1953, Mookerjee was arrested for violating orders from the state government restraining him from entering Kashmir.
In the following month, he passed away due to cardiac arrest in the jail. Mauli Chandra Sharma was elected to succeed Mookerjee. But, he was forced out of power by the RSS activists within the Bharatiya Janata Party, and the leadership went instead to Upadhyaya. He remained until 1967 as the General Secretary and worked to build a committed grassroots organisation in the image of the RSS.
The party minimised the commitment with the public and focused instead on building its network of propagandists. Upadhyaya also linked the philosophy of “integral humanism”, which formed the official doctrine of the party. Lal Krishna Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee are the younger leaders at that time in the party, and they became involved with the leadership, with Vajpayee winning Upadhyaya as president in 1968.
The major themes on the BJP’s agenda during this period were legislating a uniform civil code, banning cow slaughter and the abrogation of the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. In 1967, the party entered into a coalition with several other parties, including the Swatantra Party and the socialists after assembly elections across the country.
The alliance formed the governments in various states across the Hindi priorities, including Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Jana Sangh held political office for the first time at albeit, within a combination and this made the shelving of the Jana Sangh’s more liberal agenda. Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Wiki
Bharatiya Janata Party’s Victory in 2014 General Election
In 2014 Indian general election, Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India. The BJP won 282 seats, leading the NDA government to a tally of 336 seats in the 543-seat Lok Sabha. Narendra Modi was the 15th Prime Minister of India and he was asserted on 26 May 2014.
The party won with the vote share 31% of all cast, a low figure relative to the number of seats. This was the first instance since 1984 of a single party winning a complete majority in the Parliament of India and the first time on its own strength, the BJP achieved a majority in the Lok Sabha. The magnitude of the victory was not predicted by most opinion and exit polls.
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Political analysts have suggested several reasons for this victory, including the popularity of Narendra Modi, and the loss of support for the Congress Party due to the corruption scandals in its previous term. The BJP was also able to cover all the traditionally upper-caste, upper-class support base and received significant support from middle-class and Dalit people and other Backward Classes. The support from the Muslims remained low which shows only 8% of voters were registered for the BJP. The BJP was also very successful at gathering its supporters and raising voter group among them.
List of Presidents of the Bharatiya Janata Party
|1980–86||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|1986–91||L. K. Advani|
|1991–93||Murli Manohar Joshi|
|1993–98||L. K. Advani|
|2004–06||L. K. Advani|
List of Current BJP and NDA governments
|STATE||NDA GOVERNMENT SINCE||CHIEF MINISTER||CHIEF MINISTER'S PARTY||CHIEF MINISTER SINCE|
|Gujarat||28 February 1998||Vijay Rupani||BJP||7 August 2016|
|Chhattisgarh||7 December 2003||Raman Singh||BJP||7 December 2003|
|Madhya Pradesh||4 December 2003||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||BJP||29 November 2005|
|Nagaland||8 March 2008||T. R. Zeliang||NPF||19 July 2017|
|Goa||6 March 2012||Manohar Parrikar||BJP||14 March 2017|
|Rajasthan||8 December 2013||Vasundhara Raje||BJP||13 December 2013|
|Andhra Pradesh||16 May 2014||N. Chandrababu Naidu||TDP||8 June 2014|
|Haryana||19 October 2014||Manohar Lal Khattar||BJP||26 October 2014|
|Maharashtra||19 October 2014||Devendra Fadnavis||BJP||31 October 2014|
|Jharkhand||23 December 2014||Raghubar Das||BJP||28 December 2014|
|Jammu and Kashmir||23 December 2014||Mehbooba Mufti||JKPDP||4 April 2016|
|Assam||24 May 2016||Sarbananda Sonowal||BJP||24 May 2016|
|Sikkim||24 May 2016||Pawan Kumar Chamling||SDF||12 December 1994|
|Arunachal Pradesh||16 September 2016||Pema Khandu||BJP||16 September 2016|
|Manipur||15 March 2017||N. Biren Singh||BJP||15 March 2017|
|Uttarakhand||18 March 2017||Trivendra Singh Rawat||BJP||18 March 2017|
|Uttar Pradesh||19 March 2017||Yogi Adityanath||BJP||19 March 2017|
|Bihar||27 July 2017||Nitish Kumar||JDU||27 July 2017|
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