All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) is one of the major party in the state of Tamil Nadu and the Union Territory of Pondicherry in India. The party is currently in power in Tamil Nadu and it is the third largest party in the Lok Sabha. It is a Dravidian party founded by M. G. Ramachandran who was popularly known as MGR; a famous actor turned politician and a pre-1972 high official of the DMK. Check out below for AIADMK Wiki, Symbol, Flag, History, Candidates, Leaders, Achievements
On 17 October 1972 as a breakaway faction of the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK). MGR has led the AIADMK party until his death in 1987, serving twice as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. From 1989 to 2016, J Jayalalithaa led the party and served as the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu on several occasions.
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In Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, the AIADMK Party had won seven times and making it the most successful political outfit in the state’s history. Headquarters of AIADMK was located in Royapettah, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It was donated by MGR Wife, Mrs Janaki Ramachandran.
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) Symbol
The Election Symbol of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam is “Two leaves”. There is a prominent history of this symbol. The AIADMK flag is a black-red horizontal bicolour with the white bust of Annadurai in centre depicted as pointing with his forefinger towards the fly; While the shade of red is not specified and R+ is typically used.
In 1987, MGR died and, the major clash begins in AIADMK party for taking over the leadership between Janaki Ramachandran and Jayalalithaa, the Election Commission of India refused to recognise both these factions of the AIADMK as a true successor of MGR.
As a result, separate electoral AIADMK symbols were assigned to both these groups. The Janaki Ramachandran faction was allotted the symbol of “two doves”, and the Jayalalithaa faction was allotted the symbol of “crowing cock”.
Further, the party breaks up and the DMK’s rise to power, the crisis was resolved. In 1989, Jayalalithaa restored the “two leaves” symbol of the AIADMK. The AIADMK symbol is supposed to indicate that Jayalalithaa, mostly called as Amma, is two times the magnificence of other leaders.
In other words, Jayalalithaa or any other leader of the AIADMK will work for the betterment of the state as compared to other leaders or parties. Thus, the people can attest immense faith in the AIADMK party.
AIADMK after J Jayalalithaa (Amma)
Jayalalithaa passed away on 5 December 2016 after she was suffering from an infection and acute dehydration. The Apollo hospital announced her death due to a Cardiac Arrest. After this incident, O. Panneerselvam has been anointed as Chief Minister for the third time.
On the first two occasions, he reinforced rather than tried to dispel the view that he was little more than a makeweight. By sticking to a choice made by Jayalalithaa herself in 2001, and repeated in 2014.
Now, Edappadi K Palaniswami popularly known as EPS is the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. He is an Indian politician who is the senior leader and Co-Convenor of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK). He is an 8th chief minister of the party and having assumed the office on 16 February 2017.
On 21 August 2017, both EPS and OPS factions of the AIADMK merged and O. Panneerselvam was sworn in as the Deputy Chief Minister and Finance Minister of Tamil Nadu & the convener (chairman) of AIADMK. He also holds portfolios of Housing, Housing Development, Slum Clearance Board, Rural Housing, and Accommodation Control, Urban Development, Town Planning, and Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority.
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All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) Achievements
The AIADMK is a regional political party, and it has made many significant contributions for the betterment of the state. Some of these are listed below,
- MGR involved himself in a number of philanthropic actions and initiations. He was the first donor to donate a large amount of 75,000 rupees to Indian Army, during the important Indo-China War in 1962. He also helped the distressed and destitute in critical times like floods, riots, fires, etc.
- MGR built several educational institutes under his supervision. This he did to spread the good message of education, literacy and awareness to the under-privileged sections of the society primarily.
- The AIADMK initiated many fiscal and general policies to help farmers, SC/ST/OBCs, handloom weavers, pregnant women, teachers, and physically challenged individuals. For example, the AIADMK introduced the distribution of bio-pesticides, soil health cards, certified seeds, gypsum and more to farmers.
- It has introduced urban cooperative banks for self-help motherhood loans during pregnancy of a woman and also for the child. Nutrition-integrated Child Development Service Scheme had introduced for the development.
- Also, the AIADMK party introduced a fund called the National Teachers Welfare Fund for teachers.
- During the December 2004 Tsunami, the Tamil Nadu government, headed by Jayalalitha, introduced various schemes and financial policies to attract huge profit, which was directed to help the tsunami victims.
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